A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.
The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:
The individual takes the substance and can't stop - as a rule, for example, nicotine, liquor or drug dependence, at least one genuine endeavour was made to surrender, however unsuccessfully.
Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
There could be a sudden increase in appetite. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Some patients will have troubled bowel movements or running stomachs. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - while affected by a few substances addict may take part in unsafe exercises, for example, fast driving.
Dealing with problems - they always have the belief that they cannot handle their issues without drugs.
Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
Secrecy and solitude - often, addicts will take their substance alone and in secret.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The results of over-indulgence could be memory loss or physiological issues like respiratory infections or a chronic cough as experienced by chain smokers.
Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This may even be the situation with smokers who discover they can't physically adapt to participating in their most loved game.
Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. Huge volumes of drink may be taken at once in the bid to get high and enjoy the feeling.
Legal problems - problems with the law occur more with drug and alcohol addictions. This might be either on the grounds that the substance disables judgment and the individual goes for broke they would not take in the event that they were calm or with a specific end goal to get hold of the substance they overstep the law.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.